ANTIQUE NEWSPAPER ARTICLE
15 DECEMBER 1855
CLAVERING V. ELLISON
BEFORE VICE-CHANCELLOR KINDERSLEY
A CASE REGARDING
(AND ADMINISTRATION THEREOF)
OF THE TESTATOR
GREENCROFT, COUNTY DURHAM
COLLECTABLES | ANTIQUE
HISTORY | RELIGION |
LEGAL | CASE LAW
NEWSPAPER CUTTINGS| EPHEMERA
3 1/2 INCHES X 19 INCHES
15 DECEMBER 1855
CLAVERING v. ELLISON
CHANCERY, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 8
(Before Vice- Chancellor Kindersley)
The testator in this cause, George Clavering, of Greencroft,
in the county of Durham, Esq.,
by his will, dated the 9th of January 1793,
devised and bequeathed all his real and personal estate
to trustees upon trust as to the realty (subject to certain annuities)
to pay the rents to his son, Sir. T.J. Clavering, for life,
and at his decease to hold the same in trust for the children of the said Sir J.T. Cavering,
share and share alike,
and to be payable at the age of 21,
with benefit of survivorship in case any of the children should die under that age.
In default of issue of Sir J.T. Clavering, there was a gift over of the personalty.
The will then proceeded with the following provision: –
“Provided always, and I do hereby declare,
that the devises herein before contained to my said son
are upon this express condition,
that he shall continue to profess the Protestant religion
according to the rites of the Church of England during his life,
and that he shall not reside abroad
more than three calendar months in any one year;
and upon this further condition,
that his present wife shall within three months next after my decease
renounce the Catholic religion and embrace the Protestant religion,
according to the rites of the Church of England,
and continue to profess the same during the life of my said son;”
And in the event of any of the foregoing conditions being broken,
the testator revoked the devise of the realty made to his son,
and directed that the rents thereof should be accumulated for the benefit of the son’s children,
and should go in the same manner as the personal property
was already bequeathed in the will.
Then there followed the following proviso:-
“Provided further, and I do hereby declare,
that the devises hereinbefore contained to the children of my son
are made upon this express condition,
that the children of my said son
be educated in England and in the Protestant religion,
according to the rites of the Church of England,
then I do hereby revoke all and every devise
to such child or children so educated as aforesaid,
and do give, devise, and bequeath the share or shares
of such child or children unto and amongst such other child or children
of my said son who shall be educated in England,
and in the Protestant religion according to the rites of the Church of England,
as if such child or children so educated abroad, &c were actually dead.”
And the will contained a gift over in the event of all the son’s children
being educated abroad, or not according to the rites of the Established Church.
By a codicil, dated the 1st February 1793,
the testator imposed upon the devise of his realty to his son
the further condition that “all his children” should be educated in England ,
and according to the established religion.
The testator died in 1793.
Sir T. J. Clavering, previously to his father’s death,
married Clara Gallais, a French lady,
who was at the time of her marriage,
and remained until her death in 1854, a member of the Catholic faith.
Of this marriage, there were issue as follows:
James, who was born in 1793;
Clara, now Baroness de Kuyff, born in 1794;
Agatha, who died Baroness de Montfaucon, born in 1795;
Thomas, Charles, and Augustus, who died under age,
And the plaintiff, Sir William Aloyzius Clavering, who was born in 1800.
In that same year, 1800,
a suit of Clavering v. Clavering
was instituted in this court for the administration of the estate of George Clavering,
the testator; and by his answer then put in,
Sir T. J. Clavering admitted that his wife had not embraced
the Protestant religion according to the testator’s will.
An order was thereupon made that the produce of the real and personal estate
should be accumulated and invested,
and that such investments should be made in,
and that the personal estate (consisting of stock in the funds)
should be transferred to the name of the Accountant-General in trust
for the persons entitled in the cause.
This order was duly acted upon;
and at the present moment there is standing
in the Accountant-General’s name various denominations of stock,
to the value in the whole of about £70,000.
Upon the proclamation of peace between this country and France
in the year 1802, Sir T.J. Clavering and his wife proceeded to that country,
taking with them their four elder children
(the younger of them shortly afterwards died abroad),
leaving the plaintiff and his brother Thomas
who died shortly afterwards) in this country.
In the year 1803 was promulgated by Napoleon I,
the edict whereby all British subjects then in France
were declared prisoners of war,
by virtue of which Sir T.J. Clavering was detained at Verdun and at Paris,
until the year 1814, when he returned to England.
James Clavering, the eldest son of Sir T.J. Clavering,
was sent to a French Catholic school,
at which he remained until 1808,
when he came to England, was sent to Harrow,
and thence to Woolwich, and ultimately became an officer in the army,
Clara and Agatha,
the other two children who went abroad with their father and mother,
were sent to the establishment of Madame Campan,
where they remained until 1810.
an English Episcopalian clergyman
attended and gave instructions to such of the girls as were Protestants,
and amongst them Clara and Agatha Clavering received instructions.
In 1810 they came to England
and were sent to an English school for about a twelvemonth.
Subsequently they both returned to the Continent,
and became the wives of foreignnoblemen as already mentioned,
their marriages being celebrated according to the Catholic church.
James Clavering and Baroness de Montfaucon are both dead,
but their representatitves are parties to the suit.
The plaintiff never went abroad during the period of his education,
which was conducted in the first instance by private tuition,
and afterwards at Eton and Cambridge,
and he was brought up in the Protestant faith
according to the rites of the Church of England.
Under these circumstances the present bill was filed,
claiming the whole of the real estate of George Clavering,
and the entire fund in court, for him,
as the only child of Sir T.J. Clavering who had satisfied the conditions of the testator’s will.
On behalf of the Baroness de Kuyff
and the representatives of the deceased childre
it was contended that the condition of “not being educated abroad”
must not be construed strictly,
and that its true signification was that the children should not be entirely so educated.
Hence it was said that the partial education in England,
which all the children had received, satisfied the condition,
and that the attendance of the Episcopalian clergyman
was a sufficient “bringing up in the Protestant religion,
according to the rites of the Church of England”.
The Solicitor-General, Mr. Swanston,
and Mr. Bazalgette were for the plaintiffs.
The following counsel appeared for the defendants:
Mr. F.M. Nicholls,
Mr. J.C. Thompson, and
The Solicitor-General had not concluded his reply when the Court rose. – Daily News.
The Solicitor-General, Mr. Swanston, and Mr. Bazalgette
simply insisted upon the condition as conclusive
in favour of the plaintiff in the events which had happened.
Mr. Anderson and Mr. Amphlet
appeared for the devisee of James Clavering,
the deceased brother of the plaintiff,
and contended that the condition was void for uncertainty and repugnancy.
Mr. Rolt and Mr. Dickenson, for a sister of the plaintiff,
argued that any education in England, or in the Protestant faith,
was sufficient to fulfil the condition;
and the codicil must be disregarded,
the whole will being taken together.
The absence from England was, moreover, not a voluntary one.
Mr. Bailey, Mr. Glasse, Mr. Oliver, Mr. Chichester, Mr. F.M. Nichols,
Mr. Bristowe, Mr. Oliver, Mr. Faber, Mr. T.C. Thompson, and F.S Williams
appeared for the other defendants.
The Solicitor- General was heard in reply on Tuesday.
The Vice-Chancellor said that he thought this case so important,
from the nature of it, that he should reserve his decision for the present. – The Times