ANCIENT ROMAN COIN 317-326 AD CAESAR Flavius Julius Crispus Junior Emperor of CONSTANTINE THE GREAT BYZANTINE EMPIRE Bronze Coin | British & Far East Traders Lifestyle & Shopping Blog
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ANCIENT ROMAN COIN
317-326 AD
CAESAR Flavius Julius Crispus
Junior Emperor of
CONSTANTINE THE GREAT
BYZANTINE EMPIRE
Bronze Coin  
 
DETAILS:
 
MEASUREMENTS:
Approx. 18 mm across.
Weighs approximately 2 grams
 
 
OBVERSE SIDE OF COIN:
Inscription: CRISPUS NOB CAES
Depicting a Laureate Head of Crispus Caesar
with CUIRASSED BUST
Holding a Round Shield & a SPEAR.
 
     
REVERSE SIDE OF COIN:
 
Inscription: VIRTUS AVGG
P R Across Field
? T in EXERGUE
 
CAMP GATE with SIX (6) Rows, 
CLOSED DOORS, 
THREE (3) Turrets
    
  

Available at:

https://www.ebay.co.uk/itm/293963285828

 
 
 

LITERATURE

   

Flavius Julius Crispus (/ˈkrɪspəs/; c. 295 – 326) 

was the eldest son of the Roman emperor Constantine the Great 

and his junior emperor (caesar

from March 317 until his execution by his father in 326. 

The grandson of the augustus Constantius I

Crispus was the elder half-brother of the future augustus Constantine II 

and became co-caesar with him and with his cousin Licinius II at Serdica

part of the settlement ending the Cibalensean War 

between Constantine and his father’s rival Licinius I

Crispus ruled from Augusta Treverorum (Trier) in Roman Gaul 

between 318 and 323 

and defeated the navy of Licinius I at the Battle of the Hellespont in 324, 

which with the land Battle of Chrysopolis won by Constantine 

forced the resignation of Licinius and his son, l

eaving Constantine the sole augustus 

and the Constantinian dynasty in control of the entire empire. 

It is unclear what was legal status of the relationship 

Crispus’s mother Minervina had with Constantine; 

Crispus may have been an illegitimate son.

     

Crispus’s tutor in rhetoric was the Late Latin historian of Early Christianity

Lactantius. Crispus may be the young prince depicted on the Gemma Constantiniana

a great cameo depicting Constantine and his wife Fausta

though the depiction may instead be of Fausta’s own son, 

the future augustus Constantius II

While at Augusta Treverorum, 

Crispus’s praetorian prefect for the prefecture of Gaul 

was the great Junius Annius Bassus

After his elevation to imperial rank, 

at which point he was also entitled princeps iuventutis (“Prince of Youth”), 

the Latin rhetorician Nazarius composed a panegyric 

preserved in the Panegyrici Latini

which honoured Crispus’s military victories over the Franks in c. 319. 

Crispus was three times Roman consul

for the years 318, 321, and 324.

    

Within two years of the defeat and surrender of Licinius, 

Constantine had not only put his brother-in-law and former co-augustus to death, 

but also executed his nephew Licinius II, 

the son of his sister Flavia Julia Constantia

According to the Latin histories of Ammianus Marcellinus and Aurelius Victor

after a trial whose real circumstances are mysterious, 

Constantine executed Crispus at Pola (Pula) in 326. 

Fausta, whose son Constantius II became caesar in November 324, 

was also put to death, 

and the Late Greek historian Zosimus 

and the Byzantine Greek writer Joannes Zonaras 

wrote that Constantine had accused Crispus of incest with his stepmother. 

After his death, Crispus was subjected to damnatio memoriae.

   

   

 

SOURCE:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crispus

Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License

additional terms may apply. 

 

 

     

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