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ANCIENT ROMAN EMPIRE “Emperor Flavius Julius CRISPUS” ROMAN MINT BILLON COIN | British & Far East Traders Lifestyle & Shopping Blog
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EMPEROR JULIUS FLAVIUS CRISPUS

ANCIENT ROMAN EMPIRE “Emperor Flavius Julius CRISPUS” ROMAN MINT BILLON COIN

    

ANCIENT ROMAN EMPIRE BILLON METAL ALLOY COIN

“EMPEROR FLAVIUS JULIUS CRISPUS”

CAESAR Flavius Julius Crispus

Junior Emperor of CONSTANTINE THE GREAT

BYZANTINE EMPIRE | ANCIENTS / ANTIQUITIES | HISTORY |

COLLECTABLES | COINS & COINAGE | NUMISMATICS | 

CULTURE | CIVILIZATIONS |

HERITAGE | ROMAN EMPIRE | EMPERORS 

 
DETAILS:
 
MEASUREMENTS:
Approx. 4 grams (a small coin)
Approx. 3/4 inches in diameter
 
MATERIALS:
BILLON (METAL ALLOY)
 
IDENTIFYING MARKS:
 
OBVERSE LEGEND:
CRISPUS NOBCAES (Crispus Nobilissimus Caesar)
Depicting a Laureate Head of Crispus Caesar
with CUIRASSED BUST
Holding a Round Shield & a SPEAR
 
REVERSE LEGEND:
VIRTU SAVGG (Virtus Augusturum)
P R Across Field
? T in EXERGUE
 
CAMP GATE with SIX (6) Rows, 
CLOSED DOORS, 
THREE (3) Turrets
 
MINT: PR (ROMA)
 
YEARS STRUCK: 318-319 A.D.
  

LITERATURE

Flavius Julius Crispus (/ˈkrɪspəs/; c. 295 – 326) 

was the eldest son of the Roman emperor Constantine the Great

and his junior emperor (caesar

from March 317 until his execution by his father in 326. 

The grandson of the augustusConstantius I

Crispus was the elder half-brother of the future augustusConstantine II

and became co-caesar with him and with his cousin Licinius II at Serdica

part of the settlement ending the Cibalensean War

between Constantine and his father’s rival Licinius I

Crispus ruled from Augusta Treverorum (Trier) in Roman Gaul

between 318 and 323 

and defeated the navy of Licinius I at the Battle of the Hellespont in 324, 

which with the land Battle of Chrysopolis won by Constantine 

forced the resignation of Licinius and his son, l

eaving Constantine the sole augustus

and the Constantinian dynasty in control of the entire empire. 

It is unclear what was legal status of the relationship 

Crispus’s mother Minervina had with Constantine; 

Crispus may have been an illegitimate son.

Crispus’s tutor in rhetoric was the Late Latin historian of Early Christianity

Lactantius. Crispus may be the young prince depicted on the Gemma Constantiniana

a great cameo depicting Constantine and his wife Fausta

though the depiction may instead be of Fausta’s own son, 

the future augustusConstantius II

While at Augusta Treverorum, 

Crispus’s praetorian prefect for the prefecture of Gaul

was the great Junius Annius Bassus

After his elevation to imperial rank, 

at which point he was also entitled princeps iuventutis (“Prince of Youth”), 

the Latin rhetorician Nazarius composed a panegyric

preserved in the Panegyrici Latini

which honoured Crispus’s military victories over the Franks in c. 319. 

Crispus was three times Roman consul

for the years 318, 321, and 324.

Within two years of the defeat and surrender of Licinius, 

Constantine had not only put his brother-in-law and former co-augustus to death, 

but also executed his nephew Licinius II, 

the son of his sister Flavia Julia Constantia

According to the Latin histories of Ammianus Marcellinus and Aurelius Victor

after a trial whose real circumstances are mysterious, 

Constantine executed Crispus at Pola (Pula) in 326. 

Fausta, whose son Constantius II became caesar in November 324, 

was also put to death, 

and the Late Greek historian Zosimus

and the Byzantine Greek writer Joannes Zonaras

wrote that Constantine had accused Crispus of incest with his stepmother. 

After his death, Crispus was subjected to damnatio memoriae.

SOURCE:

WIKIPEDIA

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