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78-82 Westbourne Terrace, Paddington, London W2 6QA




Little Venice is a district in London, England, 

around the junction of the Paddington Arm of the Grand Union Canal 

and the Regent’s Canal

Many of its buildings are Regency white painted stucco terraced town houses 

and taller blocks (mansions) in the same style.



The Little Venice ward of the City of Westminster had 11,040 residents in 2015.[1][2]

Warwick Avenue runs through the area, 

which is also served by a tube station of the same name.



Little Venice is a comparatively recent name for parts of 

Paddington and Maida Vale in the City of Westminster

which had been referred to as London’s “Venice” for a century 

before “Little” was added. 

The name was in frequent use by the latter half of the 20th century.



The origin of the name is sometimes attributed to the poet Robert Browning 

who lived at Beauchamp Lodge, 19 Warwick Crescent, between 1862 and 1887.[4] 

This was disputed by Lord Kinross in 1966[5] who asserted that 

Lord Byron (1788–1824) first humorously compared the locale to Venice

The name “little Venice” was later formally applied to an 

electoral ward of the City of Westminster.[6]





Little Venice is one of London’s prime residential areas 

and contains restaurants, shops, theatres and pubs. 

Canalside venues include the Canal Cafe Theatre

the Puppet Theatre Barge, the Waterside Café, 

the Summerhouse Restaurant, and Cafe La Ville.



In the north where the area blends into Maida Vale 

are three Grade II (initial category) listed pubs for their historic interiors and façades: 

The Warwick CastleThe Warrington, and the Prince Alfred.[9]



The Inland Waterways Association has hosted a 

Canalway Cavalcade locally since 1983.[10]



Notable buildings

  • The Colonnade Hotel on Warrington Crescent, 
  • originally a pair of houses dating from 1863, 
  • is particularly ornate, with mouldings and a continuous first-floor balustrade.[11][12] 
  • The building has historical associations with both 
  • Alan Turing and Sigmund Freud
  • and there are blue plaques on the exterior attesting to this.
  • Pondfield House on Clifton Gardens 
  • was formerly a Metropolitan Police section house until the 1980s.


Notable residents

  • The writer Katherine Mansfield stayed as a music student 
  • at Beauchamp Lodge (No. 2 Warwick Crescent) in 1908-9.
  • The psychoanalystSigmund Freud lived briefly in 
  • what is now the Colonnade Hotel, 
  • situated where Warrington Crescent meets Clifton Road and Warwick Avenue.
  • The code-breaker Alan Turing was born in 1912 
  • in a maternity home in Warrington Crescent; 
  • the building later became what is now called the Colonnade Hotel (see above).
  • Australian former international cricketer Shane Warne.[13]





A regular waterbus service operates from Little Venice 

eastward around Regent’s Park

calling at London Zoo and continuing towards Camden Town

Little Venice is served by one tube station, 

Warwick Avenue on the Bakerloo line

and by the Nos. 6, 46, 187 and 414 bus services.



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Welcome to Little Venice


Browning’s pool


When Robert Browning’s wife, Elizabeth Barrett Browning

died in 1861, he returned from Italy and moved to Warwick Crescent. 

Some historians believe Browning referred to this area as ‘little Venice’. 

Others say Lord Byron named it as a joke- no one knows for sure. 

Victorian writer Anne Thackeray Ritchie

a friend of Browning’s described the canal as 

‘touched’ by some indefinite romance, cool and deep’




Canal & River Trust: Making Life Better by Water ,






Regent’s Canal is a canal across an area just north of central LondonEngland

It provides a link from the Paddington Arm of the Grand Union Canal

550 yards (500 m) north-west of Paddington Basin in the west, 

to the Limehouse Basin and the River Thames in east London. 

The canal is 8.6 miles (13.8 km) long.[1]





First proposed by Thomas Homer in 1802 

as a link from the Paddington arm of the then Grand Junction Canal (opened in 1801) 

with the River Thames at Limehouse

the Regent’s Canal was built during the early 19th century 

after an Act of Parliament was passed in 1812. 

Noted architect and town planner John Nash 

was a director of the company; 

in 1811 he had produced a masterplan for the Prince Regent 

to redevelop a large area of central north London – 

as a result, the Regent’s Canal was included in the scheme, 

running for part of its distance along the northern edge of Regent’s Park .




As with many Nash projects, 

the detailed design was passed to one of his assistants, 

in this case James Morgan

who was appointed chief engineer of the canal company. 

Work began on 14 October 1812. 

The first section from Paddington to Camden Town

opened in 1816 and included a 251-metre (274 yd) long tunnel 

under Maida Hill east of an area now known as ‘Little Venice‘, 

and a much shorter tunnel, 

just 48 metres (52 yd) long, under Lisson Grove

The Camden to Limehouse section, 

including the 886-metre (969 yd) long Islington tunnel 

and the Regent’s Canal Dock 

(used to transfer cargo from seafaring vessels to canal barges – today known as Limehouse Basin), 

opened four years later on 1 August 1820. 

Various intermediate basins were also constructed 

(e.g.: Cumberland Basin to the east of Regent’s Park, 

Battlebridge Basin (close to King’s Cross, London) and City Road Basin). 

Many other basins such as Wenlock Basin

Kingsland Basin, St. Pancras Stone and Coal Basin, 

and one in front of the Great Northern Railway‘s Granary 

were also built, and some of these survive.



All the locks were built with duplicate chambers 

to facilitate the heavy barge traffic. 

With the demise of commercial traffic in the early 1970s, 

at the end of 1973, the British Waterways Board 

embarked on a three year programme to convert one chamber at each lock 

into an overflow weir to facilitate unmanned use by pleasure craft 

without the risk of serious flooding due to incorrect use of the paddles.[2]



The City Road Basin, the nearest to the City of London

soon eclipsed the Paddington Basin in the amount of goods carried, 

principally coal and building materials. 

These were goods that were being shipped locally, 

in contrast to the canal’s original purpose of transshipping imports to the Midlands. 

The opening of the London and Birmingham Railway 

in 1838 actually increased the tonnage of coal carried by the canal. 

However, by the early twentieth century, 

with the Midland trade lost to the railways, 

and more deliveries made by road, the canal had fallen into a long decline.[3]




New uses


A new purpose was found for the canal route in 1979, 

when the Central Electricity Generating Board (CEGB) 

installed underground cables in a trough below the towpath 

between St John’s Wood and City Road

These 400 kV cables now form part of the National Grid

supplying electrical power to London. 

Pumped canal water is circulated as a coolant for the high-voltage cables.



The canal is frequently used today for pleasure cruising; 

a regular waterbus service operates between Maida Vale and Camden, 

running hourly during the summer months.[6]



Due to the increase in cycle commuting since the 2005 London Bombings[7] 

and increasing environmental awareness, 

the canal’s towpath has become a busy cycle route for commuters. 

National Cycle Route 1 includes the stretch along the canal towpath 

from Limehouse Basin to Mile End. 

British Waterways has carried out several studies into the effects 

of sharing the towpath between cyclists and pedestrians, 

all of which have concluded that despite the limited width there are relatively few problems.[8]




The Regent’s Canal forms a junction 

with the old Grand Junction Canal at Little Venice

a short distance north of Paddington Basin

After passing through the Maida Hill and Lisson Grove tunnels, 

the canal curves round the northern edge of Regent’s Park, 

passing London Zoo and skirting round the base of Primrose Hill

It continues through Camden Town and King’s Cross Central

It performs a sharp bend at Camley Street Natural Park

following Goods Way where it flows behind 

both St Pancras railway station and King’s Cross railway station

The canal opens out into Battlebridge Basin, 

originally known as Horsfall Basin, 

home of the London Canal Museum

Continuing eastwards beyond the Islington tunnel 

it forms the southern end of Broadway Market 

and meets the Hertford Union Canal at Victoria Park, East London

It turns south towards the Limehouse Basin

where it meets the Limehouse Cut, and ends as it joins the River Thames.




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The North London line railway bridge over Chalk Farm Road 
from Camden Lock Place, a pedestrian-only road with open-air and permanent stalls, 
and entrances to some of the Camden markets 


The Camden markets are a number of adjoining large retail markets, 

often collectively referred to as “Camden Market” or “Camden Lock”, 

located in the historic former Pickfords stables, 

in Camden TownLondon

It is situated north of the Hampstead Road Lock 

of the Regent’s Canal (popularly referred to as Camden Lock). 

Famed for their cosmopolitan image, 

products sold on the stalls include crafts, clothing, bric-a-brac, and fast food

It is the fourth-most popular visitor attraction in London, 

attracting approximately 250,000 people each week.[1]




A small local foodstuffs market has operated in Inverness Street in Camden Town 

since the beginning of the 20th century. 

On 30 March 1974 a small weekly crafts market 

that operated every Sunday near Camden Lock 

developed into a large complex of markets.[2] 

The markets, originally temporary stalls only, 

extended to a mixture of stalls and fixed premises. 

The traditional Inverness Street market started losing stalls 

once local supermarkets opened; 

by mid-2013 all the original stalls had gone, 

being replaced by stalls similar to those of the other markets, 

including fast food but not produce.



The markets originally operated on Sundays only, 

which continues to be the main trading day. 

Opening later extended to Saturdays for most of the market. 

A number of traders, mainly those in fixed premises, 

operate throughout the week, 

although the weekend remains the peak period.



In 2014, Israeli billionaire Teddy Sagi 

started buying property in the Camden Market area.[3] 

By March 2015, having purchased the four most important of the six sections of the market, 

he announced plans to invest £300 million in developing the market area by 2018.[3]




Camden Lock Market


Camden Lock Market is situated by the Regent’s Canal 

on a site formerly occupied by warehouses 

and other premises associated with the canal. 

By the early 1970s the canal trade had ceased 

and a northern urban motorway was planned 

that would cut through the site, 

making any major permanent redevelopment impossible, 

and in 1974 a temporary market was established. 

By 1976, when plans for the motorway were abandoned, 

the market had become a well known feature of Camden Town

Originally, the Lock was a market for crafts, 

occupying some outdoor areas by the canal and various existing buildings.




While the range of goods has since widened, 

with stalls selling books, new and second-hand clothing, 

and jewellery, the Lock retains its focus as the principal Camden market for crafts. 

There is a large selection of fast food stalls. 

In 1991 a three-storey indoor market hall designed by architect John Dickinson

 was opened on the site of the first outdoor market. 

In the style of the traditional 19th century industrial architecture 

and housing in the area, it is built of brick and cast iron. 

It attracted large numbers of visitors partly due to stalls being open on Sundays, 

when previous to the Sunday Trading Act 1994

shops were not permitted to operate on Sundays. 

On 28 February 1993, 

the Provisional IRA exploded a bomb hidden in a litter bin 

on Camden High Street near the market, 

shortly after lunchtime. The bomb injured 11 people.[4][5]




From 2006, a large indoor market hall was constructed 

in a yard between the Camden Lock Market 

and the Stables Market that was previously used for open air stalls. 

In November 2007 a large part of the Stables Market 

was demolished as part of a long-term redevelopment plan 

for the area and rebuilt as a year-round permanent market area.




In 2016, Urban Markets Company acquired Camden Lock 

and paid between £300m and £400m for the one-acre site. 

The joint venture between the founders of Camden Lock 

and Millitarne Retail Resorts International, 

the retail developers, was financed by Brockton Capital, 

a real estate private equity fund.[6] 

Camden Lock Market is set to have a £20 million makeover 

to transform it into a traditional arts and craft centre for Londoners. 

The Urban Market Company plans to double the 

enclosed area and increase trading space by 15,000 square feet.[7



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Thank You...


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