WELCOME TO BLENHEIM PALACE:
HOME TO THE DUKES OF MARLBOROUGH
AND CHILDHOOD & ANCESTRAL HOME TO
SIR WINSTON CHURCHILL
It is the principal residence of the Dukes of Marlborough,
The palace, one of England’s largest houses, was built between 1705 and 1722,
The palace is named for the 1704 Battle of Blenheim,
It was originally intended to be a reward to John Churchill,
1st Duke of Marlborough for his military triumphs against the French and Bavarians
in the War of the Spanish Succession, culminating in the Battle of Blenheim.
The land was given as a gift, and construction began in 1705,
with some financial support from Queen Anne.
The project soon became the subject of political infighting,
with the Crown cancelling further financial support in 1712,
Marlborough’s three-year voluntary exile to the Continent,
the fall from influence of his duchy and lasting damage
to the reputation of the architect Sir John Vanbrugh.
Designed in the rare, and short-lived, English Baroque style,
architectural appreciation of the palace is as divided today as it was in the 1720s.
It is unique in its combined use as a family home,
The palace is notable as the birthplace and ancestral home of Sir Winston Churchill.
Following the palace’s completion,
it became the home of the Churchill (later Spencer-Churchill) family
for the next 300 years,
and various members of the family have wrought changes
to the interiors, park and gardens.
At the end of the 19th century,
the palace was saved from ruin by funds gained from the 9th Duke of Marlborough‘s
marriage to American railroad heiress Consuelo Vanderbilt.
BLENHEIM PALACE GROUNDS
PORTRAITS & PAINTINGS
BLENHEIM PALACE BUSTS & SCULPTURES
BLENHEIM PALACE ARTEFACTS & MEMORABILIA
Courage is the First of all Human Qualities because it Guarantees All Others
THE PASSING OF A HERO
Just after 8.00am, on the 24th January 1965, Sir Winston Churchill passed away.
His wife, Lady Churchill, and his surviving children, Randolph, Sarah and Mary, were beside him.
Remarkably, Winston had predicted the exact date of his death 12 years earlier.
In a conversation with his secretary, Jock Colville,
he had stated that he would die on his father’s anniversary.
And, indeed, his father, Lord Randolph, had died on the 24th January 1895.
The mourning of Winston Churchill’s passing was worldwide
and among people from every walk of life.
Crowds congregated at British embassies
to pass on their personal messages of condolences.
General Charles de Gaulle wrote to the Queen:
“In the great drama- he was the greatest of all!”.
Premier Kosygin of Russia sent the message:
” The Soviet people remember the great effort of Sir Winston Churchill
in the years of the war against Hitlerite Germany.”
Former President Eisenhower said he had lost
“…a dear and close friend” and that the world had lost
“…one of the great men of our time”.