THE SANXING CHINESE GODS OF THREE STARS : SHOU (LONGEVITY) , LU (PROSPERITY) , FU (FORTUNE) THREE BEARDED OLD WISE MEN OF MING DYNASTY REPRESENTING THE THREE ATTRIBUTES OF A GOOD LIFE. BLUE, WHITE, GOLD PORCELAIN RAMINDO COLLECTION | British & Far East Traders Lifestyle & Shopping Blog
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THE SANXING CHINESE GODS OF THREE STARS : 

SHOU (LONGEVITY) , 

LU (PROSPERITY) , 

FU (FORTUNE) : 

THREE BEARDED OLD WISE MEN 

OF MING DYNASTY 

REPRESENTING THE THREE 

ATTRIBUTES OF A GOOD LIFE. 

BLUE, WHITE, GOLD PORCELAIN 

RAMINDO COLLECTION

    
   

The Sanxing (三星 “Three Stars”) are the gods of the three stars or constellations 

considered essential in Chinese astrology and mythology: 

Jupiter, Ursa Major, and Canopus. 

FuLu, and Shou 

(simplified Chinese寿traditional Chinese祿

pinyinFú Lù ShòuCantonese YaleFūk Luhk Sauh), or CaiZi and Shou (財子壽) 

are also the embodiments of Fortune (Fu), presiding over plant Jupiter, 

Prosperity (Lu), presiding over Ursa Major, 

and Longevity (Shou), presiding over Canopus. 

They have emerged from Chinese folk religion

Their iconic representation as three, old, bearded, wise men dates back to the Ming dynasty,[1] 

when the gods of the three stars were represented in human form for the first time. 

They are sometimes identified with other deities of the Chinese religion or of Taoism.

    

  

The term is commonly used in Chinese culture 

to denote the three attributes of a good life

Statues of these three gods are found on the facades of folk religion’s temples 

and ancestral shrines, in nearly every Chinese home 

and many Chinese-owned shops on small altars with a glass of water, 

an orange or other auspicious offerings, 

especially during Chinese New Year

Traditionally, they are arranged right to left 

(so Shou is on the left of the viewer, Lu in the middle, and Fu on the far right), 

just as Chinese characters are traditionally written from right to left.[2]

   

 Fuxing  

       

The star of Fu (福), Fuxing 福星, refers to the planet Jupiter

In traditional astrology, the planet Jupiter was believed to be auspicious. 

Alternatively, according to a Taoist myth of the Ming dynasty, 

the Fu star is associated with Yang Cheng (楊成)[3]

a governor of Daozhou in Tang Dynasty

Yang Cheng risked his life by writing a memorial 

to the emperor to save the people from presenting dwarf slaves 

as the special tribute to the imperial court. 

After his death, the people built a temple to commemorate him, 

and over time he came to be considered the personification of good fortune.

 

He is generally depicted in scholar’s dress, 

holding a scroll, on which is sometimes written the character “Fu”. 

He may also be seen holding a child, or surrounded by children. 

He is sometimes conflated with Caishen, the “Wealth God”.

   

   

Luxing

    

The star of Lu (祿), Luxing 祿星, is Mizar (ζ Ursa Majoris), or, 

in traditional Chinese astronomy, 

the sixth star in the Wenchang cluster, and like the Fu star came to be personified.[citation needed] 

The Lu star is believed to be Zhang Xian who lived during the Later Shu dynasty. 

The word lu specifically refers to the salary of a government official. 

As such, the Lu star is the star of prosperity, rank, and influence.

The Lu star was also worshipped separately 

from the other two as the deity dictating one’s success in the imperial examinations

and therefore success in the imperial bureaucracy. 

The Lu star is usually depicted in the dress of a mandarin.

   

   

Shouxing

    
   

The star of Shou (壽), Shouxing 壽星, is α Carinae (Canopus), 

the star of the south pole in Chinese astronomy, 

and is believed to control the life spans of mortals. 

According to legend, he was carried in his mother’s womb for ten years 

before being born, and was already an old man when delivered. 

He is recognized by his high, domed forehead 

and the peach which he carries as a symbol of immortality

The longevity god is usually shown smiling and friendly, 

and he may sometimes be carrying a gourd filled with the elixir of life. 

He is sometimes conflated with Laozi 

and corresponding gods of Taoist theology.

    

   

Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License

additional terms may apply. 

      

   

Left to Right: Shou (God of Longevity) , Lu (God of Fortune) , Fu (God of Prosperity)
   
     
Shou (God of Longevity)usually depicted with a high-domed forehead carrying a PEACH as a symbol of immortality.
Lu (God of Fortune) , usually depicted dressed in mandarin denotes success in Imperial Bureaucracy.
Fu (God of Prosperity) usually depicted wearing a scholar’s dress and holding a scroll.

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