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THE TALE OF A COUNTRY VILLAGE COLLECTORS’ PLATE SET OF 12 BY ROBERT HERSEY COALPORT FINE BONE CHINA MADE IN ENGLAND | DECORATIVE PLATES | DECOR | COLLECTABLES | LIFESTYLE | VILLAGE | British & Far East Traders Lifestyle & Shopping Blog
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THE TALE OF A COUNTRY VILLAGE

 COLLECTORS’ PLATE SET OF 12

BY ROBERT HERSEY

COALPORT FINE BONE CHINA

MADE IN ENGLAND |

DECORATIVE PLATES |

DECOR | COLLECTABLES |

LIFESTYLE | VILLAGE

     
AVAILABLE HERE
   
   
   

Plate Diameter: Approx 21.5 cm

      

Coalport porcelain

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
      
    

CoalportShropshire, England was a centre of porcelain and pottery production 

between about 1795 (“inaccurately” claimed as 1750 by the company)[1] and 1926, 

with the Coalport porcelain brand continuing to be used up to the present. 

The opening in 1792 of the Coalport Canal

which joins the River Severn at Coalport, 

had increased the attractiveness of the site, 

and from 1800 until a merger in 1814 there were two factories operating, 

one on each side of the canal, 

making rather similar wares which are now often difficult to tell apart.[2]

       

      

Both factories made mostly tablewares that had elaborate overglaze decoration

mostly with floral subjects. 

A further round of mergers in 1819 brought moulds and skilled staff 

from Nantgarw porcelain and Swansea porcelain to Coalbrook, 

which continued to thrive through the rest of the century. 

The Coalport factory was founded by John Rose in 1795

he continued to run it successfully until his death in 1841. 

The company often sold its wares as Coalbrookdale porcelain

especially the pieces with flowers modelled in three dimensions,

 and they may be called Coalport China.

   

   

Rose employed William Billingsley, formerly at Nantgarw, 

as chief painter, and Billingsley’s chemist, Walker, 

who initiated at Coalport a maroon glaze 

and brought the Nantgarw technical recipes to Rose at Coalport.

   

   

Coalport and Coalbrookdale specialised in dinner services. 

The familiar “Indian tree” pattern, 

which is based in fact on Chinese rather than Indian prototypes, 

was originated at Coalport;[3] 

variants have been produced by virtually all the British manufacturers 

of table wares and continue to be available today. 

  

   

Models that originated at Meissen and Sèvres were copied at Coalbrookdale 

in the mid-19th century, sometimes with misleading marks,[4] 

“a practice which ought to have been avoided”, 

William Chaffers observed.[5] 

Sprigged floral encrusted decoration was also typical of Coalport wares, 

such as vases, small boxes and table baskets.[6]

   

   

In 1820 Rose received the gold medal of the Society of Arts 

for his feldspar porcelain and an improved, lead-free glaze, 

with which the enamel colours fused in firing.[7] 

Favourite patterns were the “worm sprig” and the “Tournai sprig” 

introduced by Billingsley at Pinxton, 

the Dresden-inspired “Berlin china edge”, 

and the blue transfer willow pattern and blue dragon pattern.[8]

   

    

During the 1830s the factory initiated the practice 

of applying a light transfer printed blue outline, to guide the painters. 

This preserved some of the freedom of hand-painted decoration, 

while it enabled Rose to keep up the pace of production.[9] 

The technique was widely adopted by other manufactories during the 19th century.

   

   

At The Great Exhibition (London 1851) 

an elaborate Coalport table service with deep borders of mazarin blue was shown; 

it had been commissioned by Queen Victoria as a gift to Tsar Nicholas I of Russia.[10]

   

   

In the second half of the 19th century the Coalport manufacturers 

added yet another specialisation to their repertoire of hand decorated porcelains. 

They developed the technique called “jewelling” 

whereby small beads of coloured enamel 

were applied most often to a gold ground. 

According to the auctioneers Skinner Inc

it is thought this was first developed and introduced 

by the Worcester porcelain factory in the mid 1860s. 

Turquoise seemed to be the prevalent colour, 

meticulously and uniformly decorating tea wares, 

useful wares and ornamental wares, 

often accompanied by a rich raised gold decoration. 

They were produced for sale in Britain and abroad. 

 

Business history

    

Part of the old factory, now museum, with bottle kiln behind, 

and the canal running through the works.

The Coalport porcelain manufactory, 

the first porcelain factory in the Ironbridge Gorge, England, 

was founded by the practical and enterprising John Rose in 1795. 

Financial support was provided by Edward Blakeway (1720-1811). 

John Rose had probably trained at the Caughley porcelain manufactory, 

less than a mile away on the other side of the Severn, 

and had been making pottery on his own account nearby at Jackfield

a mile upstream across the Severn from Coalbrookdale, 

since about 1793.[11] 

In 1799 Rose took over the Caughley factory, 

continuing production there, at least of the biscuit stage, 

moving the wares to be decorated at Coalport.[12]

    

    

From 1800-1814 Rose’s brother Thomas 

operated a small works on the other side of the canal, 

initially with William Reynolds (d. 1803), an industrialist, and Robert Horton. 

After Reynolds’ death his cousin Robert Anstice became a partner. 

They were taken over by J. Rose & Co. in 1814[13] 

The same year John Rose moved the Caughley production 

the short distance to the Coalport site.[14]

   

    

Rose’s rapid success enabled him to buy the Nantgarw porcelain manufactory in 1819 

and the Swansea porcelain manufactory, with their repertory of moulds.[15]

  

   

John Rose died in 1841; 

the enterprise was continued under the former name “John Rose & Co.” 

by his nephew W.F. Rose and William Pugh. 

William Pugh continued the production as sole proprietor 

from 1862 until his death in 1875, 

after which the company was put in receivership by his heirs. 

It was purchased in 1880[16] by the East Anglian engineer Peter Bruff (d.1900), 

who reinstated it as the Coalport China Company. 

Under the management of his son Charles Bruff from 1889,[17] 

an extensive export trade to the United States and Canada was initiated in the 1890s, 

and the works were rebuilt on the original site in 1902.[18]

   

   

During the 1920s it fell again into financial difficulties 

and was eventually taken over by the Cauldon Potteries, Ltd., 

of Shelton, Staffordshire, in 1925.[19] 

In 1926 production moved to Staffordshire

the traditional centre of the ceramics industry in Britain, 

and, although the Coalport name was retained as a brand, 

in 1967[20] the company became part of the Wedgwood group.

   

    

Llewellynn Jewitt published a History of the Coalport Porcelain Works in 1862. 

The standard modern monographic history is 

Geoffrey A. Godden, Coalport and Coalbrookdale Porcelain (London 1970).

   

    

The original manufactory buildings now houses the Coalport China Museum

as well as a Youth Hostel, cafe, artists’ studios and a handmade arts & crafts shop.[21]

   

    

   

Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License

additional terms may apply.

  

 

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