DANCE DRESS FASHION
HERITAGE & CULTURE
16 Fotos Color
Flamenco (Spanish pronunciation: [flaˈmeŋko]), in its strictest sense,
is an art form based on the various folkloric music traditions of southern Spain
in the autonomous community of Andalusia,
In a wider sense, not always in a correct way,
the term is used to refer to the variety of similar Spanish musical styles
from the South of Spain.
Flamenco dates from the 18th century.
The oldest record of flamenco music dates to 1774
Although the RAE dictionary associates it with Andalusian popular culture
and the notable presence of Gitanos in Spain during its origin,
the exact origin of flamenco is unknown and the subject of many hypotheses.
Current studies about the genre tells us
that it is in fact a cross-cultural interchange
of different cultures that coincided in Andalusia.
The musical genre influences can be seen in its dances,
singing, music, clothing, instruments, rules, etc from Romani
(they came from India) / Gitanos,
Gregorian chants from the Catholic Church,
Oriundos, Jewish, Al-Ándalus, Castellanos…
that converged in Spain and created the modern flamenco.
Although its germ already existed in the Andalusian region
long before the Gitanos arrived,
also taking into account that there were Gitanos in other regions of Spain and Europe;
flamenco was only cultivated by those who were in Andalusia.4
In Spain Flamenco has been influenced by and associated
always with Gitanos and Romani people from Spain;
however, its origin and style are uniquely Andalusian (Hayes 2009, 31–37)
and Flamenco artists have historically included Spanish
in both Gitano/Romani heritage or not.
Manuel Ríos Ruiz notes that the development of flamenco is well documented:
popular song books and song sheets, customs, studies of dances,
and toques, perfection, newspapers, graphic documents in paintings and engravings….
in continuous evolution together with rhythm,
the poetic stanzas, and the ambiance”
Flamenco has become popular all over the world,
In Japan, there are more flamenco academies than there are in Spain
On November 16, 2010,
UNESCO declared flamenco one of the
and it is also Andalusian Ethnological Intangible Cultural Heritage
and is registered in the General Inventory of Movable Assets of the Region of Murcia
established by the General Directorate of Fine Arts and Cultural Assets.
Its popularity in Latin America has been such that in Costa Rica,
El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, Panama, Venezuela and Puerto Rico
various groups and academies have emerged.
Its wide dissemination and study in Chile
has even allowed the appearance of well-known national figures,
such as the guitarists Carlos Ledermann and Carlos Pacheco Torres,
who teaches a chair of Flamenco Guitar at the
In Japan it is so popular that it is said that in that
there are more flamenco academies in the country than in Spain.
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